(E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis


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  1. says: (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis

    (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis I found The Biology of Desire to be a powerful enlightening and interesting read that gave me a good understanding of addiction how the brain works why it changes and why addiction should not be considered a disease Marc Lew

  2. says: (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis Free download The Biology of Desire

    Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Free download The Biology of Desire When it comes to addiction It seems like everyone has a different deeply held strongly defended opinion Religious people call it a moral failing and they say we just need to pray to Jesus Conservatives call it a failure of w

  3. says: Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review Free download The Biology of Desire

    Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Free download The Biology of Desire The strength of this book lies in how well it ties various strands together it is part introduction to neuroscience part polemic and part compelling storytelling Lewis fails at none of these things does all of them very well and if he fails to be truly great at any of them it hardly seems worth a complaint Excep

  4. says: (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis

    (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis Whether addiction can be explained via the medical model or via the learning theory model is a matter of theoretical dispute When that happens we need data What kinds of recovery interventions work I liked the auth

  5. says: Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review Free download The Biology of Desire

    (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis This is an absolutely fascinating book As a mental health professional I’ve always been a little uncomfortable with the push to identify addiction as a disease There are clearly benefits to doing so; insurance companies are likely to offer coverage for medical conditions as opposed to behavioral health conditions for instance The disease model also offers relief from stigma and feelings of moralcharacter failure on t

  6. says: (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis

    (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis The biology of desire is a powerfully scientific book that tackles the mainstream notion of addiction being a disease in a very interesting sense The author presents a solid case of how addiction works using captivating narratives of addicts elouently illustrating their suffering while shedding a spotlight on the underlying reasons using neuroscience The book is not for those who are seeking recovery in my op

  7. says: Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review

    (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis This book is really amazing Marc Lewis combines the narrative experience of addiction and the neuroscience and explains in a very accessible manner why addiction is not a disease This is one of the few books on addiction that is both accessibl

  8. says: Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis

    Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis MY NOTESUOTESAND USEFUL BITSThe debate may hinge on the issue of control If you don't have control over your substance use then you have a disease and if you do have control but aren't using it then addiction is a choice The leak in the logic is the assumption that choice is a deliberate rational function we can apply at

  9. says: Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis

    (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis OMG Discovering that this is coming out in 2015 has just completely made my day Maybe even my year It goes without saying that I am very excite

  10. says: Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis

    (E–pub/Pdf) The Biology of Desire BY Marc Lewis Marc Lewis is not the greatest writer but he is intelligent and has passion for the subject You can tell like he just really really wanted to find a way to express a few good ideas in the long form of a book and he does so through some decent but slightly contrived case studies Fairly typical for a Phd who is likely used to annotat

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Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis

The Biology of Desire

Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review Free download The Biology of Desire Through the vivid true stories of five people who journeyed into and out of addiction a renowned neuroscientist explains why the disease model of addiction is wrong and illuminates the path to recovery The psychiatric establishment and rehab industry in the Western world have branded addiction a brain dise. When it comes to addiction It seems like everyone has a different deeply held strongly defended opinion Religious people call it a moral failing and they say we just need to pray to Jesus Conservatives call it a failure of willpower They tell us to Just say no and to DARE to abstain Liberals tell us it s a symptom of social ineuities They tell us we need to provide the urban poor with eual access to healthcare and human services AA people tell us it s a spiritual disease and a character defect They want us to work the steps spend our lives at meetings and chant slogansDoctors tell us it s an incurable brain disease They tell us to go to AA or rehabTherapists tell us it s because we don t cry enough They want us to talk about when uncle Roy touched us where our bathing suit covers Shrinks tell us it s because your mom and dad didn t love you or what ever And then they give you pills that make you feel like a zombie and get fat So What exactly is addictionPretty much everyone uses the term People commonly think they know what it means Most people are actually deeply confused about itMarian Webster defines addiction asthe state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit forming as narcotics to such an extent that its cessation causes severe traumaThat s seems like a pretty straightforward definition of very common word But if we deconstruct the concept of addiction as it is represented in this definition we uncover some interesting and highly problematic assumptions So let s take this thing apart and see what happens Let s break it into the following parts and examine each one1 the state of being enslaved to a 2 habit or practice or to something that is 3 psychologically or physically 4 habit forming as narcotics to such an extent that its 5 cessation causes severe traumaOk Here goes1 the state of being enslaved this implies that some of us are enslaved by our habits and some of us are notThe implication is that if you re not one of those addicts than the things that you do and the reasons that you do them are categorically different from the things that addicts do and the reason that they do them You are free to choose to do all of the virtuous things that you do and those addicts are enslaved by their vices Never mind the fact that you would rather die than go a day without coffeeNever mind the fact that you intended to loose 35 pounds this year but just couldn t keep away from the cookie butter You re free to choose your virtuous behavior Those addict people are enslaved by their vicesDenial anyoneFurther when we say enslaved what are we really sayingIn America the land of the free the word slavery has a certain psychosocial charge It s a loaded term Slavery invokes images of our most shameful historical chapter including sociopathic often sexually repressed plantation men getting off on savagely bullwhipping cowering but proud and determined Africans chained to a fence post To be a slave or a slave driver is not a pretty thing And to be liberated and free Well that s pretty much the American raison d treSo what kind of person willingly becomes a slave to a drug Who does that When viewed in this light it s clear that there is a pretty harsh judgment built into the very definition of the word addiction And we re only just getting started 2 a habit or practice this implies that some of our behaviors are habitual and some are not so which of our behaviors are habitual and which are not and how do we know which is which Have you every tried to stay absolutely mindful and intentional of everything you do for an entire dayNot many people have But anyone who has gone on a mindfulness meditation retreat has tried to do some variant of this practice One small version of this is the practice of always entertaining a room with your left footWhat that entails is mindfully pausing every time before you cross the threshold of a door and intentionally stepping into the room with your left footDoes that sound easyNot even highly trained Buddhist monks and nuns can do it perfectlyWhyBecause it s a highly automatic habitual behavior Bringing it out of inflexible automaticity and into flexible intentionality is tremendously difficult What you immediately discover when you do these types of exercises is that 999% of your behavior throughout the day is automatic and habitual That s not a bad thing That s a really good thing Imagine if you had to concentrate in order to do things like eat and walk It would be inconvenient noIf your ancestors had to concentrate on walking instead of scanning the environment for saber toothed tigers let s just say they probably wouldn t have had the opportunity to become an ancestorThe fact that almost all of your behaviors needed for daily living are on autopilot is a huge feature not a flaw You d be fucked if it were any other wayBut what about bad habitsWe all know that some habits are good and some are bad Some are even filthy What kind of person maintains a bad or filthy habit and why don t they just uit For the same fucking reason you have a hard time uitting all of your bad habits Once a maladaptive habit has become automatic or over learned it s really really fucking hard to change it Particularly if uitting what ever it is you re into comes with some aversive withdrawal effects discussed later 3 psychologically or physically this implies that there is a clear distinction between the psychological and physical if we consider our subjective mental experience to be emergent from biological substrates ie from embodied brains than how exactly do we distinguish between physical and psychologicalCountless examples demonstrate that when you alter a persons brain you alter their perceptions thought processes feelings personality and even their ability to inhibit some really reprehensible behaviors One extremely disturbing example I d like to bring your attention to is the case of a 40 year old married schoolteacher who had no previous history of sex offenses who suddenly became sexually obsessed with childrenHis wife evicted him from the family home after discovering he had made sexual advances to young childrenIf you re appalled well of course you are that makes you and me both But hold on the story gets betterThe evening before he was due to go to prison he went to hospital complaining of a headache and saying he was afraid he would rape his landladyWow right Hold on it gets even better An MRI scan revealed he had an egg sized brain tumour in the right lobe of the orbifrontal cortex the part of the brain responsible for judgement impulse control and social behaviourThe tumor was removed and the mans sex crazed pedophilic ideation and behavior completely remittedAfter what must have been some really interesting couples therapy the marriage was restored and the man was once again living at homeIn October 2001 he complained of headaches and started to secretly collect child pornography againAnother MRI scan revealed that the tumour had regrown It was removed and his behaviour disappearedOk I m sure we all agree that this is absolutely inexcusable behavior and we as a society must do everything in our power to protect our children form this type of abuseBut it s kind of hard to call this a moral failureIf you re not convinced consider what would happen if you your self were magically transported into this dudes body with the same brain and brain tumor If you think your behavior would have been any different Let s just say that your opinion is absolutely contrary to all of the scientific evidence Pretty much everyone who legitimately studies the subject agrees You are your brain Change your brain change your you maybe even change your behavior for the worseEven if you still don t agree and you think that there is some magical non biologically determined essence of you that somehow effects your behavior outside of the condition of your brain and you think that you would have somehow behaved differently with that particular brain condition Than I guess you re special and better than that guy But just thank your higher power that you don t have that particular brain condition to fight against And say high to Dumbledor and Gandalph for me while your at it4 habit forming as narcotics lets just cut to the chase here by narcotics we re essentially talking about heroin heroin is among the most stigmatized drugs in our culture when you say addict the archetypical image is that of the black clad gutter junky slamming dope in a trash strewn alleyway or in a filthy cold water flat in some nondescript urban environJunkies are shady characters The deep implication is that only certain types of people become junkies or meth heads or wineo s or crack heads or what ever Nice people strong people good people they don t become junkies But the fact of the matter is this that particular issue addiction effects all kinds of people irregardless of their character what ever that even means5 cessation causes severe trauma here s the real kicker cessation causing severe trauma is a euphemism for what is collouially referred to as getting dope sick media renditions of heroin withdrawal depict a prolonged agonizing hallucinogenic feverish madness analogous images depict crack heads breaking your windshield for five bucks worth of change and meth heads stripping houses for copper wire Just to get one hit these images go hand in hand with stories of week willed individuals who are driven by their agony to commit atrocious and violent crimes in order to get their daily fix I ll be the first to admit that there is some truth to these stereotypes But just as with other media clich s It s important to remember that they are distorted caricatures that fail to capture the complexity of realitySo if we snap the pieces together here when we say addict were often essentially talking about willingly enslaved morally bankrupt habitually controlled zombies compelled by feverish madness to score dope at any cost even if it means committing heinous crimes like mugging old ladies for their grocery money That s an image of a tortured soul damned to a hell of their own making that Dante himself couldn t have surpassed And similar to Dante s masterwork The Inferno it s also an antiue moralistic fiction that belongs to a previous era but certainly shouldn t pass for the truth in the age of modern scienceSo what does modern science have to say about addictionWell for starters the term addiction is not preferred by serious researchers for all of the afore mentioned reasons The preferred term is Substance Dependence defined asan adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug useThe Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th addition DSM 5 which is essentially the bible of psychiatric diagnosis defines substance dependence disorder via a cluster of biopsychosocial symptoms typified by a increased drug tolerance b withdrawal effects on cessation c drug seeking and using behavior that persists despite negative ramifications andor the desire to uitFurtherThe DSM 5 puts certain compulsive behaviors such as compulsive gambling in the same category as substance use disorders due to neuroscience findings that confirm that brain structures associated with pleasure reward and compulsion are euivalently active in both substance dependence and behavioral addictions So that s a little window into how modern science defines what we commonly refer to as addiction aka Substance Dependence DisorderI don t know about you but that definition and terminology sounds so much precise than the other definition But if we deconstruct this definition we uncover some subtle less insane and ignorant but still potentially problematic assumptions The Medical ModelThe medical view of addiction is that it s a brain disease Which is a HUGE step in the right direction But the medical model is incomplete At least in its current from So what is the best way to view addiction or substance dependence if it s not a diseaseIn The Biology of Desire neuroscientist and former hella super duper druggy Marc Lewis asserts that addiction is not in fact a disease Addiction whether to drugs alcohol gambling food sex or cigarettes is rather a developmental learning process resulting from the normal functioning of the human brainDefects of CharacterA common 12 Stepism is that people use drugs and alcohol due to what they call Charater Defects The idea is that by prayer and meditation a higher power will remove the defects of character and liberate the addict from the disease of addictionDr Lewis proposes that people use drugs for similar reasons as we do everything else Because a our brain responds to the behavior as rewarding on some level and b because our brains have become conditioned due to exposure to crave or otherwise expect said rewards Conditioning not CharacterAnimals including people are born hardwired to seek rewarding stimuli and avoid aversive stimuliCertain behaviors lead to rewarding short term conseuences others lead to unfavorable short term conseuences Over time the rewarding behaviors are reinforced and become likely to reoccur and the unpleasant behaviors become less likely to reoccur This changes the individuals brain In the sense that now they associate behavior x with reward and therefor seek out opportunities to do behavior x Certain things like food and sex are neurologically preprogrammed via evolution to be extra rewarding due to their survival and reproduction benefit Ideally behavior x is healthy But in the modern world a lot of very unhealthy stuff is interpreted by your brain as extremely desirable due to our evolutionary historyFor example salt fat and sugar are all highly rewarding based on the conditions of scarcity we evolved in Junk food is high in salt fat and sugar so our stone aged brains think it s the extra best thing for us You eat it You get a HUGE blast of pleasurable neurochemistry eg dopamine Your brain loves it and rapidly adjusts its expectations And suddenly all you ever want to eat is a Big Mac and carrot sticks seem pretty fucking boring and tasteless in comparison Lots of things trick your brain like this Internet porn gambling and video games can do it But some substances cut strait to the chase and stimulate your pleasure and reward centers directly No particular behavior necessary Your brain becomes conditioned to crave and use these substances very rapidly Additionally your brain adjusts its chemistry and suddenly nothing else seems rewardingNow your brain is conditioned to crave and use the substance And now you are ummmm how you sayfuckedNeuroplasticityRefers to changes in neural pathways and synapses due to changes in behavior environment neural processes thinking and emotionsThe catch phrase for neuralplasticity isNeurons that fire together wire togetherReferring to the fact that when you exercise cognitive functions neuronal connections get created and strengthened The rest of the catch phrase isUse it or loose itReferring to the fact that when you don t exercise neuronal connections they tend to weaken over time In other words Learning is a matter of stimulating neuronal activation and growth SNAG When you study for a test or practice piano or learn any information or skill you re actually just SNAGing your brainYou re stimulating neuronal activation and growth The neuronal connections that get exercised get stronger And when strong neuronal pathways are cut than you just learned something The stronger the neuronal connections and pathways the deeper the learningIn other words learning is a kind of rewiring of you brain and conversely rewiring your brain is a kind of learningThis is important in regards to addiction in the sense that repeated exposure to drugs of abuse rewire ie SNAG the fuck out of your brain For reasons discussed later Drugs create MONSTER strong neuronal pathways Once your brain is modified in this way It s really fucking hard but not impossible to recondition that thingRepetitionDoing something over and over is one way to learn Watch guys practicing skateboard tricks They will try over and over to stick that sick boneless goofy foot flip side bean plant not actually skateboard tricks but close enoughThe associated neuronal pathways become stronger with each repetition until at last You get it But learning via repetition is definitely the hard slow way to goIt SNAGs your brain But it makes neural pathways the way walking in a jungle makes a trail Slowly slowly over time lots of foot traffic cuts a little dirt trail NeurochemistryWhen you do something you love or that s rewarding or frightening or terrifying these emotions fast track the learning process The big doses of neurochemistry dopamine serotonin cortisol etc that gets released when you re feeling excited or feeling anything for that matter accelerates the learning process by SNAGing the brain above and beyond mere repetitionMaking neural pathways with the assistance of large doses of neurochemistry is like laying down a superhighway of learningThis is significant for the case of addiction because the levels of neurochemistry that you re subjecting your brain to way way way exceed normalDoing cocaine or heroin or other heavy duty drugs of abuse is like bombing your brain with hella high doses of neurochemistry and basically tricking your brain into super learning The only problem is the thing that you re learning is how to do drugs who to get them from where to do them that kind of thing Developmental Theory of Addiction RecoverySubstance dependence recovery can often entail learning some really basic and fundamental skills like emotional monitoring and modulation affect tolerance and behavioral activation You can always learn and change It just takes work But fortunately the work is really rewarding And when people do the work They get to places of self mastery and acceptance and wisdom that normies addict slang for people who have never done hard drugs or have gone through recovery may never approachRecovering from addiction is not about unlearning it s about learning It s about developing new capacities to not just how to surrender to living life on life s terms but also to accept what arises as we commit to creating a life worth being sober for So what about the bookDr Lewis s work is really great but unfortunately this book isn t It starts out great but uickly gets bogged down in tedious case study examples that try to double as teachable moments Love the man love his work ambivalent about this book Read it But consider you re self informed 4 stars

Free download The Biology of Desire

Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review Free download The Biology of Desire Ek pleasure and relief in a world that's not cooperating As a result most treatment based on the disease model fails Lewis shows how treatment can be retooled to achieve lasting recovery This is enlightening and optimistic reading for anyone who has wrestled with addiction either personally or professional. This book is really amazing Marc Lewis combines the narrative experience of addiction and the neuroscience and explains in a very accessible manner why addiction is not a disease This is one of the few books on addiction that is both accessible and robust in terms of the science Marc Lewis also explains what is needed to best assist those with problematic drug use A must read for anyone interested in addiction

Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis

Review ¶ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Õ Marc Lewis Marc Lewis Õ 7 Review Free download The Biology of Desire Ase But in The Biology of Desire cognitive neuroscientist and former addict Marc Lewis makes a convincing case that addiction is not a disease and shows why the disease model has become an obstacle to healing Lewis reveals addiction as an unintended conseuence of the brain doing what it's supposed to do se. Whether addiction can be explained via the medical model or via the learning theory model is a matter of theoretical dispute When that happens we need data What kinds of recovery interventions work I liked the author s stories of addiction and his defense of learning theory but at this time when the theories are in dispute medical model or learning model we need data on recovery and what works I would love to see that A little evidence based research on what works for recovering addicts would be very helpful I will remain agnostic towards whether addiction is a disease or something learned but I will commit to a policy that works with people suffering from addiction

  • Hardcover
  • 256
  • The Biology of Desire
  • Marc Lewis
  • English
  • 15 October 2020
  • 9781610394376